Heritage & History
This painting depicts the death of Watt Tyler
part of our history.
Corringham & Fobbing Facts
Mesolithic hunter and gatherers once roamed the marsh and gravel terraces of Corringham some 10,000 years ago, living of the local resources. The carefully worked flint tools, discovered by local archaeologists, evidence a range of working tools for dealing with wood cutting to fine butchery skills in skinning and cutting meat.
The earliest known coins ‘Potin’ have been discovered at Corringham, over 2000 were discovered, some showing evidence of manufacture in a strip and then cut to produce an individual coin. Through typology they are dated to 75-50bc and indicates trade with the Roman Empire before the invasion.
The origin of the name Corringham might be derived from a Saxon chieftain’s name Curra, followed by -ing (followers) and -ham (home). Anglo-Saxon settlements discovered at Mucking give testament to cultural invasion from Europe on a large scale perhaps prompted by economic or environmental influences.
St. Mary’s Church is unique in Thurrock church architecture with its Norman Tower, while the church and graves bears the scars of bomb damage which occurred on the 8th December 1940. Three bells are hung in the tower dating to,1580, 1617 & 1629.
Corringham had two mills, one mentioned in the Doomsday account was probably a water mill, a later mill mentioned in legal documents in 1493 is probably a windmill, this appears to have become ruinous as by 1631, Corringham folk had to go to a windmill in Fobbing to get their grain milled.
Lord of the Manor in 1317 William Baud, obtained a grant from the Crown to hold a market each week on Tuesday and Friday, as well as a yearly fair from the20th-22nd September.
In 1895 Kynoch’s of Birmingham purchased 200 acres of marsh to set up a new explosive factory, In 1899 a Light Railway to transport the many explosive manufacturer workers out to the marsh and riverside site was approved. The factory closed in 1920 and was purchased by Cory bro’s Ltd and became known as Coryton.
In 1819 a customs riding officer caught two men on the Haven Marsh, who had smuggled goods, which had just been landed, on their horse and cart, the men had the goods and horse and cart confiscated, on top of the excise charge and prosecution for assaulting the customs officer.
The manors within Corringham included, Corringham Hall, Old Hall and Bowers Gifford, while local farmsteads include Ferrings, Reedham, Well, Herd, Northlands, Oak, Brickhouse, Shell Haven, Iron Latch, Oil Mill and O0zedam. Some of these names have been lost to the local community others survive as buildings or incorporated into road names.
Population figures for Corringham;
1801 - 210
1811 - 211
1851 – 261
1861 - 229
1871 – 268
1881 – 491
1891 – 268
1901 – 582
It is not easy to calculate population figures for the old parish boundaries are different to the modern ward boundaries.
The pubs and Inns in Corringham include The Bull, certainly one of the oldest timber framed houses in the parish, dating perhaps from the 16th century, Records suggest the use as an ale house from 1582 – when an ‘unnamed’ ale house was reported as under “ill rule” The Bull has been recognised under the names The Bell and Black Bull. The other pubs was ‘The Three Compasses” and an Off Licence “The Dukes Head” later known as the “Old Cellar”.
Corringham and Fobbing have an historical past with connections to the Armada and the Peasant's Revolt. Richard II introduced the 'Poll Tax' and guided by Watt Tyler the residents refused to pay. A riot took place and involved those from Stanford, Brentwood and as far away as Kent. Eventually Tyler was convinced to meet with the King at Smithfield where he was killed and the people of Corringham and Fobbing were forced to concede.
The Forum would like to acknowledge the work of the late Jonathan Catton, Thurrock's Heritage & Museum Officer.
More about the history of Corringham
The census in 2011 reported the following information:
The population of Corringham and Fobbing was 5,478 and made up of approximately 51% females and 49% males.
The average age of people in Corringham and Fobbing is 44, while the median age is higher at 46.
99.1% of people living in Corringham and Fobbing speak English with the remaining speaking Punjabi, Portugese, Tamil, German, Tagalog/Filipino and French.
69.8% of the people of Corringham and Fobbing are Christian and 21.9% say they have no religion. Other religions represented are Sikhism, Judaism, Hindu, Islam and Buddhism. 11 people identified as Jedi Knight.
The main occupations listed by people in Corringham and Fobbing are administrative and secretarial 16.6%, Skilled trades 15.6%, Associate professional and technical 11.9%, Administrative 11.7%, Professional 11.4%, Managers, directors and senior officials 10.0%, Sales and customer service 9.7%, Process, plant and machine operatives 9.0%, Sales 8.7%, Caring, leisure and other service 8.3%."
In the 2011 census the population of The Homesteads was 8,507 and is made up of approximately 51% females and 49% males.
The average age of people in The Homesteads is 40, while the median age is higher at 41.
94.6% of people living in The Homesteads were born in England. Other top answers for country of birth were 0.6% Scotland, 0.5% Wales, 0.4% Nigeria, 0.4% Ireland, 0.3% India, 0.2% Northern Ireland, 0.2% Zimbabwe, 0.1% Australia, 0.1% North Africa.
98.3% of people living in The Homesteads speak English. The other top languages spoken are Polish, Thai, Yoruba, Cantonese Chinese, Albanian, Tamil, Chinese, Turkish and French.
The religious make up of The Homesteads is 67.6% Christian, 24.3% No religion, 0.6% Muslim, 0.6% Hindu, 0.4% Buddhist and 0.1% Jewish.
501 people did not state a religion. 20 people identified as a Jedi Knight.
The top occupations listed by people in The Homesteads are Administrative and secretarial 18.0%, Skilled trades 14.0%, Administrative 13.1%, Associate professional and technical 11.0%, Professional 10.8%, Sales and customer service 10.5%, Process, plant and machine operatives 9.9%, Sales 9.3%, Managers, directors and senior officials 9.0%, Elementary 8.8%.
The area no longer has an active police station. We do, however, still have a fire station (Fobbing Road) and a semi active ambulance station (Giffords Cross Road). Additionally we now have a dock, DP World London Gateway, which is up is competing with the neighbouring docks of Harwich and Felixstowe. It's proximity to the capital offers it a great potential which the logistic park next door (London Enterprise Park) is taking full advantage of. Both these later projects have brought in job opportunities replacing those lost with the demise of Coryton Refineries.